Island of Korcula
Korčula is an island on the southern and central borders of Dalmatia. It is known for its rich cultural history.
Around lies the island of Proizd, which was chosen as the most beautiful beach in the Adriatic; and only mentioning the town of Korčula – one of the most beautiful towns in Croatia since the medieval.
Produced in the vineyards some of the finest white wines -GRK and Pošip- grow here, in this mild climate with nearly all days being sunny.
The island is a little paradise for sailors, offering a variety of beaches. Delicious food is served in Korčula’s taverns, restaurants and agritourist farms on the island and around. Those who like to be more active will have hiking and cycle paths at their disposal or can go on with diving centres and sport facilities.
Korčula is the sixth largest Adriatic island, 46.8 km long, and its 16,183 inhabitants make it the second most populated Croatian island – from Orebić on Pelješac penisula to Dominči (ferry quay not far from Korčula town), from Split to Vela Luka and from Drvenik to Korčula (only in summer) connect the island with the mainland.
Catamaran lines connect the town of Korčula with Split and Dubrovnik, and Vela Luka with Split. The Croatian ferry company Jadrolinija, runs coastal ferry lines connecting the town of Korčula with Rijeka, Split and Dubrovnik, and in the summertime with Bari as well. Regular bus lines link the island with Dubrovnik, Sarajevo and Zagreb, while local bus lines operate on the island too.
Back in prehistoric times, Korčula was inhabited, which is proved by the archeological finds from Vela Spila (‚Big Cave‘) near the town of Vela Luka. Afterwards, the Illyrians left numerous hill forts. In 6th century B.C. Greek colonists established a settlement on the island naming it Korkyra Melaina (Μέλαινα Κόρκυρα) i.e. Black Korčula for its dense pine forests. An engraved stone tablet named ‚The Lumbarda Psephisma‘ (named after the place where it was found), holds the names of the former Greek colonists and represents the oldest written document on the territory of Croatia. Later on, the island became a part of the Roman province, but was to be settled by the Slavs in 6th and 7th century.
Many times the island kept changing its rulers throughout the Middle Ages, with its autonomy declared in 1214 when the Statute of the town and the island of Korčula was passed. Korčula was integrated in the Venetian Republic and subsequently became part of the Habsburg Monarchy, until the end of World War I. As you know for sure, Marco Polo is the world’s most famous traveller. Get to know him better, as he is reputed to have been born in the town of Korčula in 1254, and his supposed house of birth is located in the vicinity of the Cathedral.
What we know for sure is that he took part in the naval battle of Korčula between the Venetian (the then ruler of Korčula) and Genoese states. Having been captured, he described his travels to China in a Genoese prison.